Chlamydia Trachomatis Pneumonia
Chlamydia trachomatis pneumonia presents in young infants (two weeks to around five months) typically with tachypnea, staccato cough and no fever.
Posterior nasalpharyngeal specimen can be used for diagnosis with a direct fluorescent assay or nucleic acid amplification. Treatment for C trachomatis is with systemic Azithromycin or Erythromycin. Patients less than six-weeks of age should be monitored for development of pyloric stenosis. The mother and her sexual partners should also be treated.
American Academy of Pediatrics. Chlamydia Trachomatis. In: Kimberlin DW, Brady MT, Jackson MA, Long SS, eds. Red Book: 2018 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2018;